In 2017, the global production of pistachios was about 1.1 million tonnes, with Iran and the United States as leading producers, together accounting for 75% of the total (see table). Secondary producers were China, Turkey and Syria.


The kernels are often eaten whole, either fresh or roasted and salted, and are also used in pistachio ice cream, kulfi, spumoni, pistachio butter,pistachio paste and confections such as baklava, pistachio chocolate, pistachio halva, pistachio lokum or biscotti and cold cuts such as mortadella. Americans make pistachio salad, which includes fresh pistachios or pistachio pudding, whipped cream, and canned fruit